Transcription started way back in the 1960s. It is defined as the typewritten version of a dictation, or something written or copied from one medium to another.It is different from transliteration, which is representing a text from one script in another; and translation, which means representing the meaning of a source language in a target language.It is simply a voice to text arrangement.
Changing uttered words into written texts is not as easy as it may first seem.Though its steps are plain and basic, the unlimited number of components that encompasses this continuous phenomenon makes transcription challenging task.Also affecting the accuracy of the transcription is the imperfect audibility of the speech recorded in natural communication situations.
An array of factors is affecting how and what a transcriptionist puts into text.Verbal communication differs in a large number of attributes, majority of which cannot be put into texts.Included in the list of components with no equivalent written symbols yet still important in analyzing spoken text are tempos, loudness, pitch, pauses and lengthening of syllables.
As written in the influential paper of Ochs, Transcription as theory, it states that “Transcription is a selective process reflecting theoretical goals and definitions.”This means that researchers put into texts the words uttered depending on what they want to find out and how they want it.Timing and pauses made by each speaker will be paid much consideration by a researcher who wishes to present the situation from a speaker-taking-turns angle. Nevertheless, researchers who are pitched up in determining how a speaker makes use of language will give high remarks on language usage.
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